TIMELINE OF HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS
Summary of History of Control of Palestine
Israelite 11th BCE Century
Assyrian 8th BCE Century
Babylonian 7th BCE Century
Persian 6th BCE Century
Greek 4th BCE Century
Hasmoneon (Jewish) 2nd BCE Century
Roman 1st BCE Century
Byzantine (Christian) 4th CE Century
Arab (Islamic) 7th CE Century
Ottoman (Islamic) 16th CE Century
British 20th CE Century
Jewish 20th CE Century
More Detailed History...
20th Century BCE (Before Common Era)...
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob - patriarchs of the Jewish people and bearers of a belief in one God - settle in the Land of Israel.
Famine forces Israelites to migrate to Egypt.
Exodus from Egypt: Moses leads Israelites from Egypt, followed by 40 years of wandering in the desert.
Torah, including the Ten Commandments, received at Mount Sinai.
Israelites settle in the Land of Israel
Jewish monarchy established; Saul, first king.
Jerusalem made capital of David's kingdom.
First Temple, the national and spiritual center of the Jewish people, built in Jerusalem by King Solomon.
Divided kingdom: Judah and Israel
Israel crushed by Assyrians; 10 tribes exiled (Ten Lost Tribes).
Judah conquered by Babylonia; Jerusalem and First Temple destroyed; most Jews exiled.
THE SECOND TEMPLE PERIOD
Persian and Hellenistic periods
Many Jews return from Babylonia; Temple rebuilt.
Land conquered by Alexander the Great; Hellenistic rule.
Maccabean (Hasmonean) revolt against restrictions on practice of Judaism and desecration of the Temple
Jewish autonomy under Hasmoneans.
Jewish independence under Hasmonean monarchy.
Jerusalem captured by Roman general, Pompey.
Herod, Roman vassal king, rules the Land of Israel;
Temple in Jerusalem refurbished
(CE - The Common Era)
Ministry of Jesus of Nazareth
Jewish revolt against the Romans
Destruction of Jerusalem and Second Temple.
Last stand of Jews at Masada.
Bar Kokhba uprising against Rome.
Codification of Jewish oral law (Mishna) completed.
Commentary on the Mishna (Jerusalem Talmud) completed.
On site of First and Second Temples in Jerusalem, Dome of the Rock built by Caliph Abd el-Malik.
(Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem)
1917-1948: British Rule
1948: State of Israel formed
1967: 6 Day War against 5 Arab States (West Bank captured from Jordan, Gaza captured from Egypt, Golan Heights captured from Syria)