Important Figures in the Great Sufi Orders (Tariqas)

  1. Bayazid Al-Bastami: 804-874 in Persia…(6th in the Naqshbandi Golden Chain)

  2. Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali: 1058-1111 in Persia, Great Seljuq Empire

  3. Abdul-Qadir Gilani: 1077-1166 in Persia (Buried in Baghdad)

  4. Abu al-Najib Suhrawardi: 1097-1168 in Persia

  5. Abdul-Khaliq Gajadwani (Khwajagan): d.1179 in Bukhara… (10th in the Naqshbandi Golden Chain)

  6. Ahmed al-Rifa’i: 1118-1182 in Iraq

  7. Moinuddin Chisti: 1141-1236 in Herat, Afghanistan (Buried in Rajasthan, India)

  8. Ibn Arabi: 1165-1240 in Spain (Buried in Damascus, Ayyubid Dynasty)

  9. Muhammad bin Ali Ba’Alawi: 1178-1232 in Yemen

  10. Rabbi Abraham ben Maimon: 1186-1237…(formed 1st Jewish Sufi Order in Egypt)

  11. Abu Hasan Ash-Shadhili: 1196-1258 in Tangier, Morocco

  12. Mevlevi Rumi: 1207-1273 in Balkh, Afghanistan (Buried in Konya, Turkey; Sultanate of Rum)

  13. Haji Bektash Wali: 1209-1271 in Anatolia, Turkey

  14. Safi-ad-Din Ardabili al-Safavi: 1252-1334 in Azerbaijan, Iran

  15. Bahauddin Shah Naqshband: 1318-1389 in Bukhara…(16th in the Naqshbandi Golden Chain)

  16. Umar al-Khalwati (Halveti Order): 1410-1462 in Khorasan, Afghanistan

  17. Nureddin al-Jerrahi: 1678-1720 in Istanbul, Turkey

  18. Ahmad al-Tijani: 1735-1815. Berber family in Algeria (Died in Fez, Morocco)

  19. Bawa Muhaiyaddeen (Qadiri): d. 1986.Born in Sri Lanka